Dr. Boss has made a list of the following six guidelines for interventions to be undertaken by supporters. These six guidelines are not linear, but move in a circular fashion, going back and forth. These six guidelines are explained in detail in the book, “Loss, Trauma and Resilience” (published in 2006/ Japanese translation in 2015). 1．Finding Meaning ＜Helpful points> Give the problem a name:”ambiguous loss”. Talk with comunity families and peers to make some sense out of what happened and how to cope. 2．Tempering Mastery ＜Helpful points> Recognize that the world isn’t always fair. Know that even if you are feeling down and depressed, it’s all because of the ambiguous situation, not you or your family. Reduce self-blame and externalize blame. 3．Reconstructing Identity ＜Helpful points> Find “psychological family” (someone who seems like family) in the community Become more flexible about family boundaries and who has what role in the family. Do not get isolated. 4．Normalizing Ambivalence ＜Helpful points> Normalize feelings of guilt, shame, and anger. Discuss these feelings with your peers, professionals, and people you trust. Do not make a “no talk rule” : family secret. 5．Revising Attachment ＜Helpful points> Recognize that the family, home, and hometown that exist in your mind are not the same as they used to be. Grieve over what you have lost and celebrate what you still have. Find a new connections : a new community and psychological family. 6．Discovering Hope ＜Helpful points> Becom more comfortable with ambiguity. Accept unanswered questions Feel in control of your life, even if things don’t go your way.